Welcome to the Abilene Public Library’s Virtual Classroom. This space will offer a new place for youth, teens, and adults to learn more about a variety of topics, with new content added regularly.
For each class, we'll share background information, educational videos, lesson plans, resources available for continued learning and more. Plus, we’ll offer a link to a test we’d appreciate if you completed to show what you learned!
|Veterans Day celebrated on November 11|
Veterans day is not spelled with an apostrophe. This is a day that honors all veterans both in our country and in other countries.
|The date changed to the fourth Monday in October for a few years, but then was changed back to the original because people wanted to celebrate it on the correct day.|
Veterans Day is not the same as Memorial Day. Veterans Day is primarily to celebrate all Veterans who are living or deceased. It gives the country a time to stop and thank living veterans for their service.
|Other Countries also celebrate this day as well, but they call it by another name. Canada, Great Britain and Australia call it by another name, Remembrance Day.|
|It was originally called Armistice Day to commemorate the end of WWI, the war that would end all wars. Unfortunately WWII and the Korean War also happened and so that is why Memorial Day was also created to honor the fallen heroes.||Five Ways You Can Celebrate Veterans|
1. Treat them to a treat.
2. Recognize them.
3. Share their Story.
4. Serve their family.
5. Serve the community.
Washington D.C. WWI memorial
|Tower of London commemorated the fallen of Great Britain who died in WWI. The 888,246 ceramic poppies represents an allied victim of the First World War. https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/11/blood-swept-lands-and-seas-of-red/100851/|
Crosses stand at the WWI Douaumont ossuary near Verdun, France, on March 4, 2014. Reuters / Vincent Kesslerhttps://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/04/world-war-i-in-photos-a-century-later/507341/
|ANZAC Memorial in Sydney, Australia that memorialized the fallen of Australia and New Zealand.||This memorial is found in Edinburgh castle. The most poignant part of the memorial is the central altar, on which there is a casket containing the Rolls of Honour of roughly 147,000 names of Scottish soldiers killed.|
Brill, M. T., & Wang, Q. Z. (2005). Veterans Day. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books.
Department of Defense. 5 facts to know about Veterans day. Department of Defense website. Accessed 11/06/2020. https://www.defense.gov/Explore/Features/story/Article/1675470/5-facts-to-know-about-veterans-day/
5 Ways to Celebrate Your Veterans on Veterans Day Military.com website https://www.military.com/veterans-day/5-ways-to-celebrate-your-veterans-on-veterans-day.html
By Tim Evanson - https://www.flickr.com/photos/23165290@N00/14100952660, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33062691
https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/11/blood-swept-lands-and-seas-of-red/100851/Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images
Taylor, Alan. World War I in Photos: A Century Later. The Atlantic. Accessed 11/06/2020. https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2014/04/world-war-i-in-photos-a-century-later/507341/
Currie, Bethany 10 Poignant WW1 Memorials You Should Visit. CultureTrip.com Accessed 11/06/2020. https://theculturetrip.com/europe/united-kingdom/articles/10-poignant-ww1-memorials-you-should-visit/
|By the end of the Great War, forty - five Australian and New Zealand nurses had died on overseas service and over two hundred had been decorated. These were the women who left for war looking for adventure and romance but were soon confronted with challenges for which their civilian lives could never have prepared them. Their strength and dignity were remarkable.Using diaries and letters, Peter Rees takes us into the hospital camps and the wards, and the tent surgeries on the edge of some of the most horrific battlefronts of human history. But he also allows the friendships and loves of these courageous and compassionate women to shine through and enrich our experience.Profoundly moving, Anzac Girls is a story of extraordinary courage and humanity shown by a group of women whose contribution to the Anzac legend has barely been recognised in our history. Peter Rees has changed that understanding forever.|
|Do you know about the adventures of Eugene Bullard, the first African-American fighter pilot, who fought in World War I? Did you know that, in the same war, America used a kind of camouflage called Dazzle Painting that made ships look like Easter eggs? Or that Americans Indians sent secret messages as code talkers in the Choctaw Telephone Squad? Find out in this book of amazing true stories!|
Brill, M. T., & Wang, Q. Z. (2005). Veterans Day. Minneapolis: Carolrhoda Books.
In 1914, a new kind of war came about, bringing with it a new kind of world. World War One began on horseback, with generals employing bayonet charges to gain ground, and ended with attacks resembling the Nazi blitzkriegs. The scale of devastation was unlike anything the world had seen before: Fourteen million combatants died, a further twenty million were wounded, and four empires were destroyed. Even the victors’ empires were fatally damaged.
An overwhelming disaster from which the world is still recovering, World War One can seem baffling in its complexity. But now Norman Stone, one of world’s greatest military historians, has composed a dazzlingly lucid and succinct history of the conflict. Stone has distilled a lifetime of teaching, arguing, and thinking into this brisk and opinionated account of the fundamental tragedy of the twentieth century.
|World War 1 was a global military conflict. It began as a skirmish between Serbia and Austria-Hungary with the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand in June 1914 and was transformed into a European war when Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914. The loss of life was unequalled, with some 8 million solders and more than 6 million civilians dying during four years of stagnant trench warfare and in failed attacks. It was the first time that many of the military technologies we now take for granted were seen, including aircraft, submarines and tanks. Yet, these were overshadowed by more established weapons such as machine guns, and artillery, the most lethal weapon of all. This visual encyclopedia looks at the key weapons used during the Great War. Each is listed chronologically within sections on the Army, Air Force and Navy. Each weapon features a brief history with a description on how it was used and key specifications, such as calibre, magazine, system, length, weight and muzzle velocity. The first section on Army Weapons features weapons used by the armies and infantry men, such as mortars, rifles and tanks. This is followed by Airforce Weapons and Airships, which includes bombers, fighter aircraft and Zeppelins. Finally Naval Weapons features the warships of Germany's Imperial Navy, the Royal Navy and the Allied powers' fleets, from the early battleships to more modern dreadnoughts and destroyers. From rifles, the main weapon used by British infantry men, to machine guns which needed four to six men to work them, and from tanks which were used for the first time during the battle of Somme to the new torpedo-boats whose main targets were the older battleships and more modern dreadnoughts, this is a detailed and fascinating guide to the military technologies developed during the First World War.|
The First World War in 100 Objects draws on the most interesting 100 items that describe the causes, progress and outcome of the First World War. From weapons that created carnage to affectionate letters home, these 100 objects are as extraordinary in their diversity and storytelling power as they are devastating in their poignancy. This is the stuff of war at its most horrible.
Here are a few of these objects:
military significance -- a Vickers machine gun
iconic power -- John Singer Sargent's painting, Gassed
personal sentiment -- a German button given to a British Tommy in the Christmas Truce of 1914
political importance -- President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points.
These and the other 96 objects are displayed in brief chapters describing the associated people and events and illustrated with full color.
The Greatest Sacrifice – A Lesson Plan for Veterans Day